Scrotal Tongue

Scrotal tongue is a condition characterized by a tongue with deep grooves or fissures that give it a wrinkled or creased appearance, resembling the texture of a scrotum. It is also known as lingua plicata, furrowed tongue, or fissured tongue. It is a benign and relatively common condition that affects up to 10% of the general population, although the severity of the fissures may vary from person to person.

The exact cause of scrotal tongue is unknown, but it is thought to be related to genetics, aging, and environmental factors such as smoking, poor oral hygiene, and nutritional deficiencies. The condition is usually asymptomatic, although some people may experience mild discomfort, altered taste, or an increased risk of oral infections due to the accumulation of food particles and bacteria in the fissures.


Although the exact cause of this condition is not fully understood, certain factors are known to contribute to its development. Some of the main causes of scrotal tongue include:

  1. Genetic factors: Scrotal tongue is believed to be an inherited condition, and it tends to run in families. Individuals who have a family history of this condition are more likely to develop it themselves.
  2. Nutritional deficiencies: A deficiency of certain nutrients, such as vitamin B12, iron, and folic acid, can increase the risk of developing scrotal tongue. These nutrients are essential for maintaining the health of the tongue and other parts of the body.
  3. Aging: Scrotal tongue is more common in older adults, and the risk of developing it increases with age. This may be due to the natural wear and tear that occurs in the tongue over time.
  4. Poor oral hygiene: Poor oral hygiene can also contribute to the development of scrotal tongue. Failing to brush and floss regularly can allow bacteria to accumulate on the tongue, which can irritate and damage the surface.
  5. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as psoriasis, Down syndrome, and Sjogren’s syndrome, have been associated with an increased risk of scrotal tongue. These conditions can affect the health of the tongue and make it more susceptible to damage.

In most cases, the scrotal tongue is not a serious condition and does not require treatment. However, if the grooves on the tongue become deep and cause discomfort or make it difficult to eat or speak, a dentist or oral surgeon may recommend treatment. This may involve removing any trapped food particles from the grooves or using mouthwash to reduce the risk of infection. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the fissures on the tongue.


While the condition is generally harmless and does not cause any discomfort, it can sometimes be a sign of an underlying health condition. Here are some of the main symptoms of the scrotal tongue:

  1. Deep grooves or fissures: The most common symptom of the scrotal tongue is the appearance of deep grooves or fissures on the surface of the tongue. These can vary in size and depth and may look like small furrows or crevices on the tongue.
  2. Red or swollen tongue: In some cases, the scrotal tongue can cause the tongue to become red, swollen, or inflamed. This may be accompanied by a burning or tingling sensation in the mouth.
  3. Difficulty eating or speaking: If the fissures on the tongue are particularly deep or numerous, they can make it difficult to eat or speak normally. This can be especially problematic if the condition is accompanied by pain or discomfort.
  4. Bad breath: Scrotal tongue can sometimes cause bad breath, as food particles and bacteria can become trapped in the grooves on the tongue.
  5. Dry mouth: Some people with scrotal tongues may experience dry mouth, which can make it difficult to swallow or speak. This can be caused by a lack of saliva production, which is often a side effect of certain medications or health conditions.

It’s important to note that while the scrotal tongue is generally a benign condition, it can sometimes be a sign of an underlying health issue, such as oral thrush, diabetes, or autoimmune disorders. If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, it’s important to talk to your doctor or dentist to rule out any underlying health concerns.


However, assuming you mean “scrotal tongue” as lingua plicata or fissured tongue, the following are the main diagnosis tests for the condition:

  1. Visual examination: Doctors can diagnose lingua plicata by a simple visual examination of the tongue. They look for the presence of multiple small furrows or grooves on the tongue’s surface, which can be indicative of the condition.
  2. Biopsy: A biopsy involves taking a small tissue sample from the tongue and examining it under a microscope. This test can help doctors rule out other conditions that may be causing the symptoms, such as oral cancer.
  3. Blood tests: Blood tests can help identify underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to the development of lingua plicata, such as nutritional deficiencies or autoimmune disorders.
  4. Imaging tests: In rare cases, doctors may order imaging tests like an MRI or CT scan to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms, such as tumors or growths on the tongue.

It is essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.


The main treatment for lingua plicata is supportive and based on managing the symptoms. No specific cure is available for lingua plicata, but the following measures can help alleviate symptoms:

  1. Good oral hygiene – Brushing and flossing your teeth and tongue twice a day can help reduce bacterial buildup and improve breath odor.
  2. Drink plenty of water – Keeping your mouth hydrated can help decrease the severity of symptoms.
  3. Avoiding irritating foods – Foods that are acidic or spicy may increase the discomfort and irritation.
  4. Anti-inflammatory medications – Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can help reduce inflammation and discomfort.
  5. Oral steroids – In severe cases, corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and swelling.

It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional if you notice any symptoms, as they may indicate underlying medical conditions that require medical attention.