Pathologic Fractures

Pathologic fractures represent a growing concern in the field of musculoskeletal oncology. The incidence of pathologic fractures is rising, primarily due to improved diagnosis and treatment of metastatic disease leading to prolonged survival. Therefore, diagnosis of the causative pathology is of paramount importance in the successful treatment of a pathologic fracture and is a prerequisite for Read More >>>>

Types of Bone Fractures

Fracture of Bones is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone. In more severe cases, the bone may be broken into several pieces.[rx] A bone fracture may be the result of high force impact or stress, or a minimal trauma injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken Read More >>>>

Olecranon Bursitis

Olecranon bursitis is a condition characterized by swelling, redness, and pain at the tip of the elbow. If the underlying cause is due to an infection, fever may be present. The condition is relatively common and is one of the most frequent types of bursitis. Olecranon bursitis caused by an injury will usually go away on Read More >>>>

Lateral Ankle Sprain

A lateral ligament ankle sprain occurs when the ligaments outside the ankle are stretched beyond their limits. Injury to these ligaments causes pain and swelling in the ankle. Generally, most sprained lateral ligaments are minor and will improve with simple treatments. Other Names Ankle sprain Rolled ankle Inversion Ankle Injury Lateral Ankle Sprains (LALS or LAS) Read More >>>>

Medial Mnkle Sprains

Medial ankle sprains are usually caused by a sudden twisting, turning, or rolling inwards of the ankle. A medial ankle sprain can occur due to a fall or stepping awkwardly onto an uneven surface. It can also happen due to the wear and tear of the deltoid ligament. Other Names Deltoid Sprain Medial Ligament Sprain Medial Read More >>>>

Hand Fracture

Hand fracture means the injury, dislocation, fracture, or breaks of the bone of the hand with injury of tendon, cartilage, ligament, and soft tissue laceration. You may have difficulty using your hands or wrist along with numbness and tingling in the fingers. There may be a pain as you try to move your fingers, especially Read More >>>>

Keifhaber-Stern Classification

The Keifhaber-Stern classification was proposed originally by Hastings and later modified by Keifhaber and Stern in 1998. This classification, along with the Eaton classification, is the most widely accepted classification at the time of writing (August 2016) for the management of volar plate avulsion injuries of the PIP joint 1. According to this classification, there are three types of volar Read More >>>>

Bankart Lesion

A Bankart lesion is an injury of the glenoid labrum due to an anteroinferior shoulder dislocation, often located in the 3–6 o’clock position (1) and causes anterior shoulder instability due to impaction force in a hyper abducted and externally rotated position.   References

Brachial Plexus Test

The Brachial Plexus Compression Test, also called Morley’s Compression Test is employed for the assessment of thoracic outlet syndrome which produces tenderness at the basis of the neck when pressure is placed over the neurovascular (the plexus brachialis and therefore the subclavian vessels) structures within the area of the brachial plexus can be palpated in the lower portion of the posterior triangle, Read More >>>>

Reverse Hill-Sachs Defect, McLaughlin Mesion

Reverse Hill-Sachs defect, also called a McLaughlin lesion, is defined as an impaction, impression fracture of the anteromedial aspect of the humeral head and causes posterior dislocation of the humerus.  In an anteromedial aspect of the humeral head fracture and dislocation posteriorly where normal Hill-such fracture posterolateral compression fracture with anterior shoulder dislocation. A Hill-Sachs lesion is a typical Read More >>>>

Hill-Sachs Lesion and Fracture

A Hill-Sachs lesion is a typical impression fracture in the long bone of the upper arm humerus head compression injury to the posterolateral aspect of the humeral head created by the hits against the anterior edge of the glenoid labrum rim that connects to the body at the shoulder joint and caused by the anterior Read More >>>>

Humeral Head Fracture

Humeral head fracture is an irregular hemisphere shape one of three types of shoulder fractures and refers to an injury, dislocation, or break involving the area surrounding the humeral head, which is commonly known as the ball of the shoulders. The humeral head is the articular surface of the upper extremity, located at the top Read More >>>>