When Should You Let Your Child Use a Calculator?

In the digital era, calculator access abounds through smartphones and computers. This leads parents to wonder – at what age should my child be permitted to use a calculator for math and when does it become a detrimental crutch? Finding the right balance fosters skills development while providing beneficial assistance. This guide explores age-specific best Read More >>>>

N words

The /n/ sound or /n/ words are not words we’d expect a 2-year-old child to perfectly articulate. It’s typical for some children to have trouble producing certain sounds. But according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), one sound that a child should be able to articulate by age 2 to 3 is /n/. “No” is certainly a Read More >>>>

What Are BIRP Notes?

BIRP notes … Let’s face it, no therapist likes writing progress notes. But it is also one of the most important acts that a clinician does. Clinical notes act as a guide for treatment and evidence that it is occurring as planned. A lot of therapists just scribble down whatever is on their minds. But Read More >>>>

K words

K words can be particularly tricky to say for many children. Because the /k/ sound is made in the back of the throat, children aren’t able to pick up on visual cues for producing the sound like they are for other speech sounds. Your articulation therapy sessions with a client who’s struggling with producing the Read More >>>>

J Words

‘J’ sounds (which are phonetically transcribed as /dʒ/) can be tricky to work on in Speech Therapy. Many children struggle to produce this sound, and it typically develops slightly later than some other sounds (by age 4-5, according to developmental norms). If a child is older than 5 and is still having difficulty producing the /j/ Read More >>>>

P words

P-words like park, patty cake, puzzle, pajamas, potty, and puppy can be important in a child’s life. So kids need to be able to articulate them, and according to norms, children can typically produce the /p/ sound by 2-3 years old. At 3 years old, a child’s speech is expected to be at least 75% intelligible to a Read More >>>>

V Words

V sound is a voiced fricative sound, meaning it is made with the upper teeth placed on the bottom lip, with a slightly constricted airstream, and the voice on. We often hear kids say “berry” instead of very, and “begetable” for vegetables. In that case, they are demonstrating the phonological process known as “stopping” (substitution of /v/ Read More >>>>


DAYS-2 or the Developmental Assessment of Young Children, Second Edition, is a standardized assessment commonly used in early intervention. It can be administered to children aged between birth and six years old. It is widely used by early childhood educators, special education teachers, and physical, occupational, and speech-language pathologists. What is DAYC-2? The purpose of Read More >>>>

F Words

F-word-loaded tongue twisters like ‘Five frantic frogs fled from fifty fierce fish’ could be difficult for some of your pediatric clients. If the client is at least 4 years old, it might be time to target /f/ words in speech therapy. According to developmental norms, 90% of children can produce the /f/ sound by the age Read More >>>>

Sh words

Sh words like “shhhh” may be easy for children to understand but difficult to say as they have difficulty articulating the /sh/ sound. According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), a child may be able to produce the /sh/ sound by age 3 1/2. By age 7, 90% of children can produce the /sh/ sound. One Read More >>>>

Ch words

Ch words like ‘chugga chugga choo choo’ are complex and many children have difficulty producing the /ch/ sound. Speech-language pathologists can assist in this articulation difficulty and children are expected to produce the /ch/ sound by age 5. It isn’t easy for clients to visualize how others are making this sound. That can make it tricky Read More >>>>

Th Words

“Th” words and sounds can be so tricky for children to make and /th/ sounds are considered the latest developing sound. Many children have difficulty producing the /th/ sound, and speech-language pathologists know that’s considered typical for children until they reach school age. Then, it’s time to directly target this sound in speech therapy to Read More >>>>