Periorbital Dermatitis

Periorbital dermatitis is a type of skin condition that affects the area around the eyes, causing redness, itching, and swelling. It is a form of dermatitis that is characterized by inflammation of the skin around the eyes, typically the eyelids and brow area. The causes of periorbital dermatitis can range from irritants such as cosmetic products, allergies, and eye drops, to underlying medical conditions such as atopic dermatitis or seborrheic dermatitis.


Periorbital dermatitis is a type of skin condition that affects the area around the eyes. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Allergies: Allergic reactions to cosmetic products, medications, or environmental allergens such as pollen or pet dander can cause periorbital dermatitis.
  2. Infections: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can cause periorbital dermatitis. This type of dermatitis is often associated with a secondary skin infection.
  3. Skin conditions: Some skin conditions such as rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, or eczema can cause periorbital dermatitis.
  4. Eye drops and ointments: Overuse of eye drops and ointments can cause periorbital dermatitis, especially if the product contains preservatives.
  5. Contact dermatitis: Prolonged contact with irritants such as soaps, cosmetics, or environmental irritants can cause contact dermatitis.
  6. Other factors: Other factors that can contribute to periorbital dermatitis include stress, hormonal changes, and poor hygiene.

It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of periorbital dermatitis. A dermatologist or doctor can diagnose the cause and provide appropriate treatment options.


Periorbital dermatitis is an inflammatory skin condition that affects the skin around the eyes. The main symptoms of periorbital dermatitis include:

  1. Redness and swelling around the eyes: The skin around the eyes may become red, swollen and tender.
  2. Itching and burning: The skin may itch and burn, causing discomfort and making it difficult to open the eyes.
  3. Flaking or scaling: The skin around the eyes may become dry and flaky, with small scales appearing on the surface.
  4. Blisters or pimples: Some people may develop blisters or pimples around the eyes, which can be painful and can cause scarring if not treated properly.
  5. Rashes: The skin around the eyes may develop rashes or patches of red, scaly skin.
  6. Watery eyes: The eyes may become watery, making it difficult to see and causing irritation and discomfort.

It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, as periorbital dermatitis can be caused by a range of underlying conditions, including allergies, skin irritants, or underlying skin conditions such as eczema.


Periorbital dermatitis is a type of skin condition that causes redness, itching, and swelling around the eyes.


  • Physical examination: The doctor will examine the affected area and ask about any symptoms and previous medical history.


  • Skin scraping test: A skin scraping test is performed to rule out skin infections like ringworm, scabies, and lice. A small amount of skin is scraped off and examined under a microscope for signs of infection.
  • Allergy testing: An allergy test may be performed to determine if an allergy to a specific substance is causing dermatitis. The test involves exposing the skin to different allergens and observing any reaction.
  • Patch test: A small patch of a suspected allergen will be applied to the skin to see if it causes an allergic reaction.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests may be done to check for underlying health conditions that may be causing periorbital dermatitis.

Note: The diagnosis of periorbital dermatitis may vary based on the individual’s symptoms, medical history, and the severity of the condition. It is important to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.


The main treatment for periorbital dermatitis involves a combination of the following:

  1. Topical corticosteroids: This is a type of cream or ointment that can help reduce inflammation and itching.
  2. Antihistamines: These medications can help relieve itching and reduce redness.
  3. Cool compresses: Placing a cool compress on the affected area can help reduce swelling and itching.
  4. Avoiding irritants: To prevent further irritation, it is important to avoid things that may trigger periorbital dermatitides, such as makeup, cosmetics, and certain skincare products.
  5. Moisturizing: Keeping the skin around the eyes well moisturized can help prevent the skin from becoming dry and irritated.
  6. Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help treat an infection that may be causing periorbital dermatitis.

It is important to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment of periorbital dermatitis.