Majeed Syndrome

A majeed syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects several systems of the body, including the bones, skin, and immune system. The symptoms and severity of the disorder can vary greatly between individuals. The cause of Majeed syndrome is currently unknown, but it is believed to be an inherited genetic disorder that is caused by mutations in the LPIN2 gene. Currently, there is no cure for Majeed syndrome, and treatment is typically focused on managing the symptoms of the disorder.

If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with Majeed syndrome, it is important to work closely with a healthcare team that specializes in this condition. They can help you manage your symptoms and provide support and resources to help you live a fulfilling life.


Majeed syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by a combination of skeletal and skin anomalies, recurrent infections, and immune deficiency. The exact cause of Majeed syndrome is not well understood, but it is thought to be caused by mutations in the LPIN2 gene.

The LPIN2 gene is involved in regulating inflammation and the production of cytokines, which are proteins that play a role in the immune response. Mutations in this gene can lead to an overactive immune response, causing chronic inflammation and increased susceptibility to infections.

The main causes of Majeed syndrome are mutations in the LPIN2 gene. This gene provides instructions for making a protein that plays a role in regulating the production of cytokines, which are signaling molecules that control the immune response and inflammation.

Mutations in the LPIN2 gene can result in the production of an abnormal version of the protein, which leads to the overproduction of cytokines and results in chronic inflammation and recurrent infections. This chronic inflammation affects the bones, causing joint pain and arthritis, and the skin, causing rashes and other skin abnormalities.

The exact cause of Majeed syndrome is still not fully understood, but it is believed to be inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, meaning that a person must inherit two copies of the mutated gene, one from each parent, in order to develop the condition.


Common symptoms of Majeed syndrome include:

  1. Skeletal abnormalities: People with Majeed syndrome may have bones that are misshapen, abnormally shaped, or prone to fractures. They may also experience short stature, a curved spine, and deformities of the hands and feet.
  2. Skin lesions: Majeed syndrome is associated with the development of raised, red, or purplish skin lesions that can occur anywhere on the body. These skin changes can be painful or itchy, and may cause scarring.
  3. Immune system issues: People with Majeed syndrome are prone to infections and other immune-related problems. They may also experience inflammation and autoimmune disorders.
  4. Developmental delays: Children with Majeed syndrome may experience developmental delays, especially in the areas of speech and language.
  5. Intellectual disability: Some people with Majeed syndrome may have intellectual disability or cognitive impairment, making it difficult for them to perform everyday tasks and activities.
  6. Respiratory problems: Majeed syndrome can also cause respiratory issues, such as chronic bronchitis, asthma, and recurrent pneumonia.
  7. Inflammatory skin rashes
  8. Bone abnormalities, including arthritis, osteoporosis, and fractures
  9. Recurrent infections due to a weakened immune system
  10. Chronic inflammation
  11. Joint pain and swelling
  12. Abnormal development of certain body parts, including the face, hands, and feet
  13. Delayed growth and development


Diagnosis of Majeed syndrome involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. The main tests used to diagnose Majeed syndrome are:

  1. Blood Tests: Blood tests are performed to measure the levels of certain antibodies, including IgD and IgM, which are elevated in people with Majeed syndrome. Other tests include a complete blood count (CBC), which can show an increased number of white blood cells, and a C-reactive protein test, which measures inflammation in the body.
  2. Gene Testing: Gene testing can confirm the presence of mutations in the MEFV gene, which is responsible for Majeed syndrome.
  3. Imaging Studies: Imaging studies, such as an ultrasound or MRI, may be performed to rule out other causes of the symptoms, such as an infection or a tumor.
  4. Tissue Biopsy: In some cases, a tissue biopsy may be performed to examine a sample of tissue and confirm the diagnosis of Majeed syndrome.


There is currently no cure for Majeed syndrome, so treatment is focused on managing symptoms and improving quality of life.

Treatment options for Majeed syndrome include:

  1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve mobility and reduce pain in affected joints.
  2. Orthopedic surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct joint deformities or to improve mobility.
  3. Medications: Pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to reduce pain and swelling.
  4. Skin care: Good skin care can help prevent skin infections, which are common in people with Majeed syndrome.
  5. Immune system support: People with Majeed syndrome may need to receive antibiotics or other medications to help support their immune system.
  6. Nutrition: A well-balanced diet can help support overall health and may help reduce inflammation.
  7. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help people with Majeed syndrome learn how to perform daily tasks and adapt to their physical limitations.

It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses the specific needs of each individual with Majeed syndrome.