Glossitis Areata Exfoliativa

Glossitis areata exfoliativa is a medical term used to describe inflammation or infection of the tongue that leads to swelling, redness, and pain. The condition can be caused by various factors such as vitamin deficiencies, allergies, infections, or other underlying medical conditions. Symptoms may include pain, difficulty swallowing, changes in taste, or a dry mouth. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, or changes in diet. It is important to consult a medical professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.


Glossitis areata exfoliativa is a rare form of inflammation of the tongue that affects the outermost layer of the tongue, causing it to peel or shed. The exact cause of this condition is unknown, but some factors may contribute to the development of glossitis areata exfoliativa, including:

  1. Autoimmune disorders: Autoimmune disorders such as lupus, psoriasis, and pemphigus vulgaris can lead to the development of glossitis areata exfoliativa.
  2. Nutritional deficiencies: Lack of nutrients such as iron, vitamin B12, and folate can lead to glossitis areata exfoliativa.
  3. Allergies: Some people may develop this condition due to an allergic reaction to certain foods or medications.
  4. Infections: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can cause glossitis areata exfoliativa.
  5. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause can contribute to the development of this condition.
  6. Trauma: Injuries to the tongue, such as biting or burning, can cause glossitis areata exfoliativa.


The symptoms of glossitis may include:

  1. Pain or discomfort on the tongue
  2. Redness and swelling of the tongue
  3. Changes in the texture or appearance of the tongue, such as patches or bumps
  4. Difficulty swallowing or speaking
  5. A burning or tingling sensation on the tongue
  6. Changes in taste or loss of taste
  7. Dry mouth or increased salivation.

If you have concerns about the symptoms you are experiencing, please seek medical advice from a healthcare professional.


The condition can also result in fissures or cracks on the tongue, leading to pain and discomfort. The precise cause of Glossitis areata exfoliativa is not known, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the cells of the tongue.

The diagnosis of Glossitis areata exfoliativa usually begins with a thorough physical examination of the tongue and a detailed medical history. A medical professional may ask about any recent changes in diet or medication and any symptoms of pain or discomfort in the mouth. A biopsy may also be performed to rule out other possible conditions such as oral cancer or infections.

Treatment of Glossitis areata exfoliativa typically involves managing the underlying autoimmune disorder that causes the inflammation. This may involve the use of corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs, or other medications to reduce inflammation and control symptoms. Additionally, good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing may help reduce the risk of infection and promote healing of the tongue.


Glossitis areata exfoliativa is a rare inflammatory condition that affects the tongue. The condition is characterized by the shedding of the upper layer of the tongue’s mucosa, leading to the exposure of the underlying tissue. The treatment of glossitis areata exfoliativa depends on the severity of the condition, and it usually involves the following:

  1. Topical corticosteroids: In most cases, a topical corticosteroid ointment or mouthwash is used to reduce inflammation and promote healing. The use of corticosteroids helps to suppress the immune response and alleviate the symptoms of glossitis areata exfoliativa.
  2. Systemic corticosteroids: In severe cases, systemic corticosteroids may be prescribed to control inflammation and prevent further damage to the tongue. However, this treatment option is usually reserved for cases where topical treatment is ineffective.
  3. Antifungal medication: In some cases, glossitis areata exfoliativa may be caused by a fungal infection. Antifungal medication may be prescribed to treat the underlying infection and promote healing.
  4. Avoiding irritants: Patients with glossitis areata exfoliativa should avoid irritants such as spicy and acidic foods, tobacco, and alcohol, as these can aggravate the condition.
  5. Good oral hygiene: Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for managing glossitis areata exfoliativa. Patients should brush their teeth and tongue regularly, use a tongue scraper, and rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash.

In conclusion, the treatment of glossitis areata exfoliativa involves the use of topical or systemic corticosteroids, antifungal medication, avoiding irritants, and maintaining good oral hygiene. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have glossitis areata exfoliativa, as early treatment can help to prevent complications and promote healing.