Pericallosal Moustache Embolism

Pericallosal moustache embolism might sound complex, but we’ll break it down in simple terms. This condition affects blood flow in a crucial part of your brain, causing various symptoms. Let’s explore what it is, what causes it, its symptoms, treatments, and when to seek medical help.

Pericallosal moustache embolism is a medical condition where a blood clot or other particle blocks an artery in the brain, specifically in the pericallosal artery. This artery is important because it supplies blood to the corpus callosum, a part of the brain that helps the two halves of the brain communicate.


There’s only one type of pericallosal moustache embolism, but it can vary in severity depending on the size of the blockage and how long it lasts.


  1. Blood Clots: Clots can form in the blood vessels of the brain due to conditions like atrial fibrillation or atherosclerosis.
  2. Atherosclerosis: This is when plaque builds up in the arteries, narrowing them and increasing the risk of clots.
  3. Atrial Fibrillation: An irregular heartbeat can lead to blood pooling in the heart, increasing the risk of clots.
  4. High Blood Pressure: Hypertension can damage blood vessels, making them more prone to clots.
  5. Smoking: Smoking damages blood vessels and increases the risk of clot formation.
  6. Diabetes: Poorly controlled diabetes can damage blood vessels, raising the risk of clots.
  7. High Cholesterol: Elevated cholesterol levels can contribute to atherosclerosis and clot formation.
  8. Obesity: Being overweight can increase the risk of various health conditions, including those that lead to clots.
  9. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity can contribute to conditions like obesity and high blood pressure.
  10. Family History: Genetics can play a role in predisposing individuals to conditions that increase the risk of clots.


  1. Sudden weakness or numbness, often on one side of the body
  2. Difficulty speaking or understanding speech
  3. Vision problems, such as blurred or double vision
  4. Severe headache with no known cause
  5. Dizziness or loss of balance
  6. Confusion or trouble with memory
  7. Trouble walking or coordinating movements
  8. Loss of consciousness
  9. Nausea or vomiting
  10. Seizures

Diagnostic Tests:

  1. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): This imaging test provides detailed pictures of the brain and can detect blockages.
  2. CT Scan (Computed Tomography): A CT scan can also show if there’s a blockage in the brain’s blood vessels.
  3. Angiogram: This involves injecting dye into the blood vessels to make them visible on X-rays, helping identify blockages.
  4. Doppler Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create images of blood flow in the brain’s arteries, helping identify blockages.
  5. Blood Tests: Blood tests can check for markers of clotting disorders or other conditions that increase the risk of embolisms.

Non-Pharmacological Treatments:

  1. Lifestyle Changes: Quitting smoking, adopting a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can help prevent future embolisms.
  2. Physical Therapy: This can help regain strength and coordination after an embolism, reducing the risk of falls and further injury.
  3. Speech Therapy: For those experiencing difficulty speaking or understanding speech, therapy can help improve communication skills.
  4. Occupational Therapy: This focuses on regaining skills needed for daily activities, such as dressing, cooking, and bathing.
  5. Cognitive Rehabilitation: This type of therapy helps improve memory, attention, and other cognitive skills affected by the embolism.


  1. Anticoagulants: These medications, such as warfarin or heparin, help prevent blood clots from forming or getting larger.
  2. Antiplatelet Agents: Drugs like aspirin or clopidogrel help prevent blood cells called platelets from clumping together to form clots.
  3. Statins: Statin medications help lower cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis and future embolisms.


  1. Thrombectomy: This procedure involves removing a blood clot from an artery in the brain to restore blood flow.
  2. Carotid Endarterectomy: If atherosclerosis has narrowed the carotid arteries, surgery may be needed to remove the plaque and restore blood flow.
  3. Angioplasty and Stenting: In some cases, a balloon-like device is used to widen a narrowed artery, and a stent is placed to keep it open.


  1. Control Blood Pressure: Monitoring and managing blood pressure can help prevent damage to blood vessels and reduce the risk of clots.
  2. Manage Diabetes: Keeping blood sugar levels under control can reduce the risk of complications that increase the risk of embolisms.
  3. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Eating a balanced diet and staying physically active can help prevent obesity and related health problems.
  4. Quit Smoking: Smoking damages blood vessels and increases the risk of clots, so quitting is essential for preventing embolisms.
  5. Limit Alcohol Intake: Excessive alcohol consumption can raise blood pressure and contribute to clot formation, so moderation is key.

When to See a Doctor:

If you experience any symptoms of pericallosal moustache embolism, such as sudden weakness, difficulty speaking, or vision problems, seek medical attention immediately. Early treatment is crucial for minimizing damage to the brain and preventing complications. Additionally, if you have risk factors for embolisms, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, talk to your doctor about steps you can take to reduce your risk. Regular check-ups can help monitor your health and catch any potential issues before they become serious.


Pericallosal moustache embolism is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. By understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatments, you can take steps to reduce your risk and seek help if needed. Remember to prioritize your health by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and seeking regular medical care. If you or someone you know experiences symptoms of an embolism, don’t hesitate to seek emergency medical treatment.


Disclaimer: Each person’s journey is unique, treatment plan, life style, food habit, hormonal condition, immune system, chronic disease condition, geological location, weather and previous medical  history is also unique. So always seek the best advice from a qualified medical professional or health care provider before trying any treatments to ensure to find out the best plan for you. This guide is for general information and educational purposes only. If you or someone are suffering from this disease condition bookmark this website or share with someone who might find it useful! Boost your knowledge and stay ahead in your health journey. Thank you for giving your valuable time to read the article.