Gnathophyma - Rxharun


Gnathophyma is a genus of deep-sea fish that belongs to the family Stomiidae, commonly known as the “dragonfish also known as ‘jawline acne’ or ‘neck acne’ .” This genus is known for its long, thin bodies and bright bioluminescent features.

Gnathophyma species have large eyes and a barbel-like structure at the end of their snout that is used to detect prey in the dark, deep-sea environment. They also have large, needle-like teeth that they use to grasp their prey. Their body is covered in photophores, or light-producing organs, which emit blue-green light to lure in prey or signal to other members of their species. They also have the ability to change the color of their body to match the surrounding environment, making them nearly invisible to prey.

Gnathophyma species typically live in depths ranging from 3,000 to 7,000 meters, making them one of the few species of fish that are able to tolerate the high pressures and low light conditions of the deep sea.


Some of the main causes of gnathophyma are:

  1. Hormonal Imbalance: Hormonal changes can trigger an increase in the production of oil in the skin, leading to clogged pores and the development of acne.
  2. Poor Hygiene: Neglecting to clean the skin regularly can cause dirt, oil, and dead skin cells to accumulate, leading to clogged pores and acne.
  3. Genetics: Some people are more susceptible to developing acne due to their genetic makeup.
  4. Stress: High levels of stress can trigger an increase in the production of cortisol, a hormone that can cause the skin to produce more oil and lead to acne.
  5. Certain Medications: Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can cause acne.
  6. Cosmetics: Using oil-based cosmetics and skincare products can clog pores and lead to the development of acne.
  7. Poor Diet: A diet high in processed foods and sugar can trigger inflammation in the body and contribute to the development of acne.
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It is important to identify and address the underlying cause of gnathophyma to effectively treat and prevent it.


The main symptoms of gnathophyma are:

  1. Lip swelling: The lips become noticeably swollen and may appear red or purplish in color.
  2. Pain: The affected area may be tender and painful to touch.
  3. Crusting: Dry and scaly patches may develop on the lips, and they may start to crust over.
  4. Burning sensation: Patients may experience a burning or stinging sensation in the affected area.
  5. Disfigurement: In severe cases, gnathophyma can lead to permanent disfigurement of the lips.
  6. Infection: The swollen and tender area is vulnerable to bacterial and fungal infections, which may lead to further complications.

It is important to seek medical attention for gnathophyma as the condition can become chronic and difficult to treat if left untreated.


The main diagnosis is done through physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans.

To confirm the diagnosis, the following tests may be performed:

  1. X-rays: This is the most common test used to diagnose gnathophyma. X-rays help in visualizing the jaw bone and assess the extent of the growth.
  2. CT scan: This test provides detailed 3D images of the jaw bone and helps to evaluate the size and shape of the growth.
  3. MRI: This test is used to evaluate the soft tissues around the jaw bone, including the muscles, nerves, and blood vessels.
  4. Biopsy: In some cases, a small tissue sample may be taken for laboratory analysis to determine if the growth is benign or malignant.
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It is important to consult with a dentist or oral and maxillofacial surgeon for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.


The main treatment for gnathophyma includes:

  1. Topical Medications: Topical retinoids, such as tretinoin, can help to reduce the thickness and appearance of the affected skin.
  2. Chemical Peels: Chemical peels, such as glycolic acid peels, can be used to exfoliate the skin and reduce the appearance of gnathophyma.
  3. Dermabrasion: Dermabrasion is a procedure that uses a rotating instrument to remove the top layer of skin and improve the appearance of gnathophyma.
  4. Microdermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a less invasive version of dermabrasion that uses a fine spray of crystals to remove the top layer of skin.
  5. Lasers: Lasers, such as fractional CO2 laser or Fraxel, can be used to reduce the thickness and appearance of gnathophyma.
  6. Surgical Excision: In severe cases, surgical excision may be necessary to remove the affected skin and improve the appearance of gnathophyma.

It is important to consult a dermatologist or plastic surgeon to determine the best treatment option for gnathophyma.

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