Glandular rosacea - Rxharun

Glandular rosacea

Glandular rosacea is a subtype of rosacea, a chronic skin condition that causes redness and inflammation on the face. It is characterized by the presence of large, red bumps or nodules on the cheeks, chin, and forehead. The bumps may be painful and often resemble acne, but they are not caused by clogged pores or bacteria. Instead, they are believed to be the result of the overproduction of oil and sweat by the glands in the skin. The exact cause of glandular rosacea is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a combination of factors such as genetics, hormonal changes, and environmental factors such as sun exposure and cold weather. The condition is more common in people with fair skin and tends to affect women more often than men.


The exact causes of glandular rosacea are still unknown, but several factors have been linked to the development of this condition. These include:

  1. Genetics: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing glandular rosacea.
  2. Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during menopause or pregnancy, can trigger the development of glandular rosacea.
  3. Microbial infections: Bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori and Demodex folliculorum have been linked to glandular rosacea.
  4. Environmental factors: Exposure to environmental stressors, such as sun exposure, wind, and extreme temperatures, can trigger glandular rosacea.
  5. Lifestyle factors: Certain lifestyle habits, such as drinking alcohol, eating spicy foods, and smoking, can trigger the development of glandular rosacea.
  6. Immune system response: An overactive immune response can lead to the development of glandular rosacea.
  7. Abnormal blood vessels: Abnormalities in the blood vessels in the skin can contribute to the development of glandular rosacea.
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It is important to note that glandular rosacea may be triggered by a combination of these factors, and not just one. The best way to determine the cause of glandular rosacea is to consult with a dermatologist for a proper evaluation and treatment plan.


The main symptoms of glandular rosacea include:

  1. Enlarged and swollen glands: The glands around the nose, chin and cheeks become swollen and may produce a yellowish discharge.
  2. Bumps and pimple-like eruptions: People with glandular rosacea may experience small, red bumps or pimple-like eruptions on their skin.
  3. Nodules: This subtype may also cause the development of hard, raised nodules on the face.
  4. Persistent redness: People with glandular rosacea may experience persistent redness or flushing on their face, especially around the nose, cheek and forehead.
  5. Thinning skin: Over time, the skin on the face may become thin, fragile and easily irritated.
  6. Burning or stinging sensation: People with glandular rosacea may experience a burning or stinging sensation on their skin, especially after exposure to hot or spicy foods, alcohol, or sun exposure.
  7. Eye involvement: In severe cases, glandular rosacea may also cause eye involvement, such as dryness, itching, burning, or redness in the eyes.

It is important to seek medical treatment for glandular rosacea as the symptoms can become more severe over time and affect a person’s quality of life.


Glandular rosacea is a type of rosacea that affects the glands of the skin, causing bumps and pimples on the face.

Diagnosis: Glandular rosacea is diagnosed by a dermatologist, who will examine the skin and ask about the patient’s medical history and symptoms. The dermatologist may also use a dermatoscope to look at the skin more closely.

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Lab tests: There are no specific lab tests for glandular rosacea, but a dermatologist may order a skin biopsy or a culture test to rule out other skin conditions. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of skin to be examined under a microscope, while a culture test involves growing bacteria or other microorganisms from a sample of skin to determine the cause of an infection.

In some cases, a blood test may also be ordered to check for underlying medical conditions that could be contributing to the rosacea. For example, a blood test for Vitamin D levels may be ordered to determine if a deficiency is contributing to the skin condition.

Overall, the diagnosis of glandular rosacea is primarily based on physical examination and patient history. Lab tests may be used to rule out other conditions or to determine contributing factors.


The main treatment options for glandular rosacea include:

  1. Topical medications: Topical creams, gels, or ointments that contain antibiotics, retinoids, or anti-inflammatory agents may help reduce inflammation and redness associated with rosacea.
  2. Oral antibiotics: Oral antibiotics such as tetracycline, doxycycline, or minocycline may be prescribed to reduce the bacteria that contribute to the development of rosacea.
  3. Isotretinoin: This prescription oral medication is used to reduce oil production in the skin and can help improve the appearance of rosacea.
  4. Laser and light therapy: Laser and light therapy can help reduce redness, inflammation, and the appearance of blood vessels in the skin.
  5. Medicated skin care: Using medicated skin care products designed specifically for rosacea can help improve the overall appearance of the skin.
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It’s important to consult a dermatologist or healthcare professional to determine the best treatment plan for glandular rosacea. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers, protecting the skin from sun exposure, and using gentle skin care products can also help improve the symptoms of glandular rosacea.



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