Dissecting Folliculitis - Rxharun

Dissecting Folliculitis

Dissecting folliculitis is a condition in which hair follicles become inflamed, leading to red, pimple-like bumps on the skin. The word “folliculitis” is derived from “follicle,” which refers to the small sacs in the skin that hold and grow hair, and “itis,” meaning inflammation. There are various causes of folliculitis, including bacterial infections (such as Staphylococcus aureus), viral infections (such as herpes simplex), fungal infections (such as tinea), and irritation from shaving, waxing, or wearing tight clothing.


Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles caused by various factors, including:

  1. Bacterial infection: Staphylococcus aureus is the most common bacteria responsible for folliculitis. When the hair follicles are damaged, bacteria can penetrate the skin and cause an infection.
  2. Fungal infection: Certain fungi, such as Malassezia, can also cause folliculitis, especially in areas with high humidity.
  3. Shaving or waxing: Frequent hair removal can damage the hair follicles, making them more susceptible to infection.
  4. Hot tubs or pools: Contaminated water in hot tubs or pools can cause folliculitis.
  5. Clothing or equipment: Tight clothing or equipment that rubs against the skin can cause hair follicle damage, leading to folliculitis.
  6. Sebum build-up: Overproduction of sebum, an oil produced by the skin, can clog hair follicles, leading to folliculitis.
  7. Immune system disorders: People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or other autoimmune diseases, are more susceptible to folliculitis.
  8. Skin conditions: Skin conditions like acne, eczema, and psoriasis can increase the risk of folliculitis.

The underlying cause of folliculitis will determine the best treatment approach, which may include antibiotics, antifungal medications, or topical creams. It is important to see a doctor to diagnose the cause and determine the best treatment plan.

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Folliculitis is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become infected or inflamed. The main symptoms of folliculitis include:

  1. Pustules: Small, red, raised bumps filled with pus that may be painful or itchy.
  2. Papules: Solid, raised bumps that are often reddish-pink and may be tender to the touch.
  3. Crusting: A yellowish or brownish crust that forms over the affected area.
  4. Itching: An intense itching sensation that may be accompanied by burning or stinging.
  5. Swelling: The affected area may become swollen and tender to the touch.
  6. Pain: Mild to moderate pain may be present in the affected area.
  7. Scaling: The affected skin may appear scaly or flaky.
  8. Drainage: Pus may be visible in the affected area or the pustules may burst, causing drainage.
  9. Discoloration: The affected area may become darker or lighter than the surrounding skin.

These symptoms may be present on any part of the body that contains hair follicles, such as the face, scalp, chest, or legs. If you suspect you have folliculitis, it is important to seek medical attention in order to receive proper treatment and prevent the condition from spreading or becoming more severe.


Main Diagnosis:

The primary diagnosis of folliculitis is typically made based on the patient’s medical history, symptoms, and physical examination. In some cases, a biopsy may be required to confirm the diagnosis.

Tests Details:

  1. Skin scraping: A skin scraping is done to examine the infected area under a microscope and identify any bacteria or fungus that may be causing the infection.
  2. Culture Test: A sample of the infected skin is taken and placed in a culture to identify the specific type of bacteria or fungus that is causing the folliculitis.
  3. Blood Test: A blood test may be done to check for any underlying medical conditions that could be contributing to the folliculitis, such as an immune system disorder.
  4. Allergy Test: An allergy test may be performed to determine if the folliculitis is being caused by an allergic reaction to a specific substance.
  5. Skin Biopsy: A skin biopsy may be done if the diagnosis is not clear or if the infection is not responding to treatment. The biopsy is examined under a microscope to determine the cause of the folliculitis.
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Overall, the diagnosis and treatment of folliculitis will depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.


The main treatment for folliculitis involves a combination of topical and oral medications, as well as lifestyle changes to prevent the recurrence of the condition.

  1. Topical Medications: Topical antibiotics, such as mupirocin or retapamulin, can be applied directly to the affected area to reduce the bacteria that are causing the infection. Topical corticosteroids, such as hydrocortisone, may also be used to reduce inflammation and itching.
  2. Oral Antibiotics: For more severe cases of folliculitis, oral antibiotics, such as tetracycline or minocycline, may be prescribed to help clear the infection.
  3. Antifungal Medications: In cases of fungal folliculitis, antifungal medications, such as terbinafine or itraconazole, may be prescribed to help treat the infection.
  4. Lifestyle Changes: It is important to keep the affected area clean and dry to prevent the spread of bacteria. Wearing loose clothing and avoiding tight-fitting clothes that may rub against the skin can also help reduce the risk of infection.
  5. Laser Therapy: In some cases, laser therapy may be used to destroy the bacteria that are causing the infection.
  6. Surgery: In severe cases of folliculitis, surgical removal of the affected hair follicles may be necessary.

It is important to follow the recommended treatment plan for folliculitis, as the condition can become more severe and difficult to treat if left untreated. Additionally, it is important to see a doctor if the condition does not improve within a few days, or if new symptoms develop.

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