Neonatal Jaundice / Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia

Neonatal jaundice or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia results from elevated total serum bilirubin (TSB) and clinically manifests as yellowish discoloration of the skin, sclera, and mucous membrane. The term jaundice derives from the French word “jaune,” which means yellow. It is the Read More >>>>

8 Food Sources of Probiotic and Its Health Benefits

8 Food Sources of Probiotic and Its Health Benefits/We usually heard that germ causes disease but not all germs! The wrong microbe at the wrong place may cause health issues but the right microbe at the right place can provide Read More >>>>

Child Abdominal Pain – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Child Abdominal pain is also known as stomach pain or tummy ache, is a common symptom associated with non-serious and serious causes. Common causes of pain in the abdomen include gastroenteritis and irritable bowel syndrome. In a third of cases, Read More >>>>

Alkalosis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Alkalosis is excessive blood alkalinity caused by an overabundance of bicarbonate in the blood or a loss of acid from the blood (metabolic alkalosis), or by a low level of carbon dioxide in the blood that results from rapid or Read More >>>>

Acid-Base Disorders – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Acid-base disorders are disturbances in the homeostasis of hydrogen ion concentration in the plasma. Any process that increases the serum hydrogen ion concentration is an acidotic process. The term acidemia is used to describe serum that is abnormally acidic, and Read More >>>>

Acid-Base Balance – Anatomy, Mechanism, Functions

Acid-base balance is the homeostatic regulation of the pH of the body’s extracellular fluid (ECF).[1] The proper balance between the acids and bases (i.e. the pH) in the ECF is crucial for the normal physiology of the body—and for cellular metabolism.[1] The pH of the intracellular fluid and the extracellular fluid need to be maintained at a constant level. The Read More >>>>

Enterovesical Fistula – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

An enterovesical fistula is a pathologic connection between the bowel and the bladder. This activity reviews the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in caring for affected patients. A fistula is an Read More >>>>

Enterocutaneous Fistula – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

An enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is an abnormal connection that develops between the intestinal tract or stomach and the skin. As a result, contents of the stomach or intestines leak through to the skin. An enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is an aberrant Read More >>>>

Intestinal Fistula – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Intestinal Fistula/A fistula is an abnormal communication between two epithelial surfaces. This definition is not without exceptions. It is a general description to differentiate fistulae from sinuses[rx] and other forms of luminal tracts. As the definition implies, fistula connects 2 different Read More >>>>

Abdominal Examination – Indications, Contraindication

An abdominal examination can give diagnostic clues regarding most gastrointestinal and genitourinary pathologies and may also give insight regarding abnormalities of other organ systems. A well-performed abdominal examination decreases the need for detailed radiological investigations also plays an important role Read More >>>>

Achalasia – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Cardiospasm/Achalasia is a rare neurodegenerative motor smooth muscle motility disorder of the esophagus resulting in deranged oesophageal peristalsis and loss of lower oesophageal sphincter function that makes it difficult for food and liquid to pass into your stomach. Achalasia occurs Read More >>>>

Esophageal Peristalsis – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Esophageal Peristalsis/Achalasia is a rare neurodegenerative motor smooth muscle motility disorder of the esophagus resulting in deranged oesophageal peristalsis and loss of lower oesophageal sphincter function that makes it difficult for food and liquid to pass into your stomach. Achalasia Read More >>>>